Mechanical Engineering with Oil and Gas

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Mechanical engineers in oil and gas are responsible for many different aspects of the oil mining and refinement process, including designing and installing equipment, designing and overseeing large projects, and researching and developing new technologies in the field.

Mechanical engineers in the oil and gas industry work in exploration, extraction, production and transportation of petroleum products. They explore new technologies to improve equipment, tools and processes essential to the industry. You could be designing equipment for process control systems or creating a new compressor system to improve pipeline efficiency. Perhaps you will come up with an improvement to a tool thus making the jobs of maintenance employees easier.


Your options to study Engineering, no matter the specialization is generally the same. Find out more here: Academic qualifications to study Engineering in Malaysia.

Subject Focus


  • English
  • Chemistry
  • Physics
  • Additional Mathematics


You will need a four year Bachelor of Science degree from an accredited college or university. Your coursework will include fundamentals such as mechanics, thermodynamics, fluid dynamics, kinematics (motion) and energy.

Because mechanical engineers need to know 3D modeling and design, prospective engineers should particularly focus on mathematical aspects of their studies just as much as the hands-on mechanical skills.

Personality Type

Criteria in becoming an Oil and Gas Mechanical Engineer:

  • I like to build new things or improve the way things work.
  • I am interested in applied mathematics and physics.
  • I am creative, imaginative and consider myself an idea person.
  • I am good at clearly explaining technical things to others.
  • I pay special attention to detail and accuracy and am not easily distracted.
  • I am a good problem solver and think quickly on my feet.
  • I am a great multi-tasker.
  • I have an aptitude for using specialized computer software.
  • I am interested in pursuing a university education that may require at least four or more years of study.
  • I am quite versatile and can work on my own or with team.
  • I have well developed communication and computer literacy skills.
  • I am able to travel to and from work locations.

These personality type codes serve ONLY as a guideline and can be taken with a pinch of salt. Always consult with your school counsellor or ask our experts for further guidance!

Myers-Briggs: ISTJ, ESTJ, INTP, ENTJ

These types all share the Thinking preference (T), or a preference for objective decision making as opposed to taking into account personal values in making decisions.

Find your Myers-Briggs personality type here.

Holland Vocational Code: RIE (Realistic, Investigative, Enterprising)

Find where you belong in the RIASEC model here.

Career Info

Major companies active in Malaysia’s oil and gas industry include:

  • Petronas
  • ExxonMobil
  • Shell

Work Environment:

Though mechanical engineers are primarily based in an office, many candidates are required to have field experience servicing or troubleshooting pipelines and refineries. They occasionally visit operation sites and are sometimes exposed to potentially hazardous conditions and inclement weather. However, safety protocols are strictly adhered to.

Job Demand

With a shortage of skilled people and the potential for career growth, the sector is highly attractive for graduates.

In Malaysia:

The oil and gas extraction industry is one of the top-paying fields for mechanical engineers with an average annual salary of RM 500,000 in 2012. Those who worked in pipeline transportation of crude oil earned RM 400,000.


In 2007, Malaysia became a member of The Washington Accord, which recognises experienced professional engineers represented by responsible bodies. The Washington Accord is a small group of signatories that have agreed to mutually recognise accredited engineering programmes. Members of The Washington Accord are Hong Kong, South Africa, Japan, Singapore, USA, Canada, New Zealand, Australia, UK, Ireland, Taipei, Korea, Malaysia and Turkey.

Click this link to view the list of accredited engineering programmes in Malaysia.

Becoming Professional

Becoming a professional:

The Board of Engineers Malaysia (BEM), The Institution of Engineers Malaysia (IEM) and Association of Consulting Engineers Malaysia (ACEM) develop and use the EMF Register as a secure benchmark that allows a professional engineer to be recognised or exempted from licensing or registration in other countries (other than that in which they first gained recognition).

Eligibility for admission to EMF International Register of Professional Engineers Register is limited only to engineers who have completed an accredited or recognised engineering programme, registered with the Board of Engineers Malaysia and is a corporate member of the IEM who is capable of independent practice.

To qualify for the registration, a candidate must:

  • be a Professional Engineer registered with the Board of Engineers Malaysia and/or a Corporate Member with the Institution of Engineers Malaysia.
  • have seven years experience after graduation in a recognised engineering discipline.
  • have two years experience in responsible charge of significant work (may be obtained within the seven years experience).
  • have maintained their continuing professional development at a satisfactory level.

Useful links:
Board of Engineers Malaysia (BEM)
Engineering Accreditation Council Malaysia (EAC)
The Institution of Engineers Malaysia
Network of Accreditation Bodies for Engineering Education in Asia (NABEEA)
International Engineering Alliance
SAE International

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