Food Technology

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Food technologists make sure food products are produced safely, legally and are of the quality claimed.

They can be involved in developing the manufacturing processes and recipes of food and drink products and may work on existing and newly discovered ingredients to invent new recipes and concepts.


A degree in Food Technology can be the launch pad to many career options. You can start as a technician, go on to supervisor, and pursue research (which may require a graduate degree).

Some graduates have also gone on to obtain an MBA.

Subject Focus


  • Biology/Physics
  • Chemistry
  • Maths


  • Food production management
  • Food chain systems
  • Nutrition and food sciences
  • Food safety/quality management
  • Food biotechnology/bioscience
  • Food science/technology
Personality Type

You need to be meticulous, disciplined and have a strong sense of hygiene.

These personality type codes serve ONLY as a guideline and can be taken with a pinch of salt. Always consult with your school counsellor or ask our experts for further guidance!

You should also realize that ANY type can be successful in ANY major or career.

Myers-Briggs: INTP

Find your Myers-Briggs personality type here.

Holland Vocational Code: SEI

Find where you belong in the RIASEC model here.

Career Info

Food technologists can be found in the Ministry of Health and the Ministry of Agriculture and Agro-Based Industry, as well as manufacturing plants, the food service sector, academia, research institutes such as the Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute (MARDI), the Fisheries Research Institute (FRI) and food marketing departments in multinational conglomerates.

Major companies active in Malaysia’s Food Science industry include:

  • Nestle
  • Unilever
  • Cadbury
  • Coca-Cola
  • Campbell Soup
  • F&N
  • Mamee

Work Environment:

Food technologists are everywhere. Work is usually carried out in factories but may also take place in an office, laboratory or kitchen.

As a food technologist, you may often spend time in factories monitoring production processes and machinery operations. This can include travelling to warehouses, distribution centers and suppliers’ factories.


Junior Executive: RM 1,900 – RM 2,600

Senior Executive: RM 2,500 – RM 3,600

Job Demand

In Malaysia:

Malaysia’s food industry is as diverse as the multi-cultures of Malaysia, with a wide range of processed food with Asian tastes.

There are nearly 3,200 manufacturers involved in the food manufacturing industry.

The food processing industry is predominantly Malaysian-owned. It is estimated that the present global retail sales in food products are worth around US$3.5 trillion, and are expected to grow at an annual rate of 4.8 per cent to US$6.4 trillion by 2020.

Malaysia remains a net importer of food in 2011 (RM34.5 billion).

In 2011, Malaysia exported food products worth RM20.6 billion to more than 200 countries, of which, processed food contributed about RM13.5 billion.

The main exports were cocoa and cocoa preparations (RM3.8 billion), prepared cereals and flour preparations (RM1.6 billion) and margarine and shortening (RM1.3 billion). Major export destinations were Singapore, the USA, Indonesia and Republic of China.

According to the 2013 Budget, The government will also allocate RM75 million to increase the output of food and health products.


Increasing consumer awareness in nutrition value and food fortification for healthcare has created the demand for functional/healthy minimally processed fresh food, organic food and natural food flavours from plants and seafood. Therefore, more specialists in this field will be required.


Malaysian Institute of Food Technology

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