Botany and Horticultural Science

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Plants can be an adventurous mystery to a number of people. People who express a unique interest in plants are found to like gardening, crossbreed plants, interested in understanding strains in various plants and vegetation and other activities related to plants.

Now before we proceed, let’s differentiate the two. Botany is the scientific study of plants, its structure, growth, production, development, etc. So, if you enjoy microscopy and the beauty of plants, then this could be a perfect fit. Horticulture meanwhile deals more with the cultivation and propagation of plants for food and non-food uses.


Botanists are biologists who are specialized in plants. They possess a unique set of skills in terms of understanding plants’ anatomy, growth, chemistry, environmental relationships, experimentation, diseases of plants, and many other areas of expertise. These individuals are qualified for postgraduates studies in research areas related to the following:

  • Plant cell and molecular biology
  • Plant systematic and evolution
  • Instrumentation in the field (electron microscope, ultracentrifuges, electrophoresis equipment and computational and laboratories equipment)
  • Plant DNA and protein sequencing
  • Environmental, ecological and pollutants effects on plants
  • Plant pathology and biotechnology
  • Other fields of research
Subject Focus

Subjects may include:

  • General biology
  • Chemistry
  • Math
  • Physics
  • Plant biology
  • Microbiology
  • Molecular and Cellular Biology
  • Infectious Disease & laboratory
  • Genetics (Application and Concepts)
  • Plant Physiology
  • Immunology
  • Ecology
  • Many other subjects

Entry Requirements:

Good results STPM, foundation studies, A level, IB or equivalent.

Personality Type

Generally, the personality of these individuals is revolving around analytical qualities, attention to details, intuitive skills and the ability to work with complicated scientific problems.

Find your Myers-Briggs personality type here.

Holland Vocational Code: ESR (Enterprising, Social, Realistic)

Find where you belong in the RIASEC model here.

Career Info

One of the most interesting attributed of being a botanist is working in breathtaking locations. Graduates can pursue careers in various areas related to the field. Some of the job titles in Malaysia are:

  • Agronomist – Plantation
  • Horticulturist
  • Operational Executive (Plantation)
  • Farming Supervisor
  • Agricultural Supervisor
  • Nutritionist
  • Research & Development Executive
  • Plant technologist
  • Biogas plant operator
  • Forestry & Field Biologist
  • And many job titles

Salaries are highly dependent many factors such as job location, company, skills and experience.
Salary Range:

  • Entry level salary: RM2,500 – RM3,300
  • 1 – 4 years experience salary range: RM3,400 – RM4,200
  • 5 – 9 Years experience salary range: RM5,000 – RM10,000
  • Top level positions salaries are higher RM10,000
Job Demand

In Malaysia:
Malaysia is a very green country and the government pays a special attention to forests, plantations, agriculture, animal sciences, environmental solutions, farming of commodities like rice, corn, sugar, wheat, soybean and other necessities. This is a huge part of the local economy and there are many hiring industries in Malaysia that always need skilled individuals to contribute to the evolving industry and address the needs of humans.

Global demand:
Much like the local economy in Malaysia, other countries around the world are no exception because agriculture, plants and animal sciences are essential needs for humans.

Useful links

Ministry of Agriculture and Agro-Based Industry Malaysia
The Malayan Agricultural Producers Association
Federal Agricultural Marketing Authorities
Federation of Livestock Farmers’ Associations of Malaysia
Malaysian Plant Protection Society

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