Animal Science

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Animal science is a scientific study of the growth, breeding, genetics, and reproductive biology of livestock. It also deals with animal health, animal behavior and farm management.

This field of study equips a person with skills and knowledge to work in areas of animal behavior, veterinary sciences, agriculture and biotechnology. A career in animal science will not only let you live out your passion for animals, it will get paid for that passion.


A bachelor in Animal Science usually takes 3 to 4 years to complete. The program aims to produce competent animal science graduates who are able to apply the knowledge and skills gained in planning, management and research to improve quality and competitiveness in the animal industry.

The program will equip the graduates with up-to-date knowledge and skills in animal production science. They will also be able to carry out modern and commercial livestock agro-industrial activities as an enterprise, or pursue post-graduate studies.

Subject Focus


  • Mathematics
  • Additional Mathematics
  • Biology
  • Physics
  • Chemistry
  • MUET

University Level

  • Principles of Agricultural Economics & Agricultural Management and Marketing
  • Agriculture, Environment and Food System
  • Livestock and Aquaculture Productions Systems
  • Crop Production System
  • Agricultural Chemistry
  • Agricultural Entrepreneurship
  • Fundamentals of Soil Science
  • Farm Practice: Livestock Production
  • Anatomy and Physiology of Domestic Animals
  • Animal Reproduction & Genetics
  • Basic Animal Nutrition
  • Meat Animal Science
  • Dairy, Poultry & Swine Science
  • Biostatistics
  • Animal Health and Car
  • Ruminant Industrial training
  • Non-ruminant Industrial Training
Personality Type

These personality type codes serve ONLY as a guideline and can be taken with a pinch of salt. Always consult with your school counsellor or ask our experts for further guidance!

Myers-Briggs: ISTJ, ESTJ, INTP, ENTJ

These types all share the Thinking preference (T), or a preference for objective decision making as opposed to taking into account personal values in making decisions.

Find your Myers-Briggs personality type here.

Holland Vocational Code: SIR (Social, Investigative, Realistic)

Find where you belong in the RIASEC model here.

Career Info

As an animal scientist, you could potentially find a career in livestock related industries in both public and private sectors, such as poultry, farm work and dairy.

You could also be looking at jobs in the fields of conservation, research and entrepreneurship, animal research or animal behavior and even grooming and handling of animals is also a possibility.

Animal hotels are also becoming more popular in Malaysia. Some people with qualifications in animal science work as caretakers, with everything from zoo and aquarium keepers to shelters. Others go into law enforcement or rehabilitation centers for wildlife.

Below are possible careers for Animal Science professionals:

  • Animal Behaviorist
  • Animal Nutritionist
  • Animal Scientist
  • Animal Trainer
  • Bio technicians
  • Biotechnology Regulatory Affairs Specialist
  • Embryologist
  • Geneticist
  • Humane Educator
  • Marine Biologist
  • Meat Scientist
  • Molecular Biologist
  • Nurse
  • Pharmacist
  • Regulatory Affairs Specialist
  • Vetenarian

The careers related to animal science are wide and varied. Hence, your salary would vary significantly according to which field you choose to concentrate in. For instance, as a veterinarian in Malaysia, you could be looking at earning around RM 23,000 to RM 114,000 annually.

Entry Level: RM 2,200 to RM 4,000

Professional: RM 6,000 to RM 8,000

Job Demand

In Malaysia: Malaysia’s agriculture and food industry plays a major role in line with the country’s Economic Transformation Programme. This allow opportunities for Animal Science graduate to explore into various areas under the field.

Livestock specialists will be needed for Sabah’s dairy industry which is expanding rapidly and is now capable of producing million liters of milk every year. The increasing numbers of unsheltered or abandoned pets are also encouraging animal experts to open vet services.

Overseas: Going abroad, animal science experts would have to approach job opportunities differently. There are a few countries with strict wildlife policy and a number of countries which does not have a proper regulation to oversee the wildlife population.

Depending on the country that you decide to venture into, job availability and role varies. In Australia, the wildlife is rich and regulators are always on the frontline protecting endangered animals. In New Zealand, farm livestock are under heavy research and development, which leaves room for graduates to study further.

Useful Links

University Putra Malaysia

Department of Veterinary Services

Malaysian Veterinary Council

Ministry of Wildlife and National Parks

Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment

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