Agricultural Science

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Are you born with an inquisitive mind? Do you like studying about plants and animals? Do you a sense of continuing the natural resources of Mother Nature? Perhaps you might be a future Agriculturist.


Agricultural Science focuses on the science and technology behind principles and practices of agriculture. Through this course, you will be able to develop the knowledge, skills and practices that deal with the maintenance of agricultural resources and how to use these resources properly.

A postgraduate degree in agricultural sciences is mainly in research areas related to:

  • Environmental Research
  • Crops and Plantation Research
  • Animal resources research
  • Soil Quality and Technologies
  • Agricultural Technologies
  • Aquaculture Research
  • Incubation and Breeding Research
  • Land Management
  • Other areas of research
Subject Focus

In SPM, you need to focus on Biology, Chemistry, Physics, and Mathematics to excel in studying agriculture sciences.

At a university level, there are several specialties such as Crop Production, Horticulture & Landscaping, and Livestock Production. You will be exposed to areas that may include:

  • Plantations and Nutrition
  • Genetics and Soil Sciences
  • Organic Farming and Technologies
  • Breeding and Plant Nursery Management
  • Scientific Experimentation
  • Pathology and Crop Pest Management
  • Pomology (Fruit Science)
  • Other subjects

Entry Requirements:
SPM, O-level, A-level, Foundation, Diploma or anything equivalent.

Personality Type

These personality type codes serve ONLY as a guideline and can be taken with a pinch of salt. Always consult with your school counselor or ask our experts for further guidance!

ISTP: You are a data-driven persona. You are precise and thorough. You like new technologies that get better and provide more data.

Find your Myers-Briggs personality type here.

Holland Vocational Code: ESR (Enterprising, Social, Realistic)

Find where you belong in the RIASEC model here.

Career Info

Most agricultural scientists work in research universities, private industry or the government. They work in offices, laboratories and in the field. At present agriculture employs about 16% of the Malaysian population but that is expected to gradually increase in the coming years.

Here are just a few titles you can obtain with this career path.

  • Agricultural Scientist
  • Nursery Manager
  • Food Technologist
  • Agricultural Consultant

Entry Level: RM 2,000 – RM 3,000
Professional Level: RM 3,500 – RM 5,000
5 – 7 years experience: RM8,000 – RM12,000
Over 8 years of experience: RM10,000 and above

Job Demand

In Malaysia:
Malaysia is blessed with natural advantages. Given this, the agricultural sector’s contribution to Gross National Income is expanding the production of high-value diversified items such as swift-let nests, herbs, seaweed, palm oil, rubber and large-scale rice paddy farming. No longer considered the “poor man’s sector”, agriculture is slowly changing through the help of research and development. It is estimated that 4,000 aqua-culturists, 2,000 animal nutritionists, 500 agronomists, 200 pathologists, 200 entomologists, 200 soil scientists, 100 veterinarians and 50 plant physiologists will be required in 2020.

Global demand:
Despite present opportunities, the industry will have to address some certain challenges such as the predominance of small-scale and ageing farmer community, lack of compliance awareness and focus on low-value products. This is where agricultural scientists could step in by helping the industry to develop large-scale agribusinesses that are market-driven to produce value-add products.

Becoming Professional

Under the 10th Malaysia Plan, the agricultural sector is expected to grow with an annual rate of 3.3% and achieve a 6.6% share in Malaysia’s GDP by the year 2015. This means, more qualified individuals especially those in agriculture biotechnology and agriculture logistics will be needed for this sector.

Useful links

East Coast Economic Region.
Department of Agriculture.

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